The Space Between was created as a scholarly society in 1997 to expand the possibilities for interdisciplinary discussion of studies in the interwar and wartime periods covered by 1914–1945.

Since the society’s inaugural gathering, it has sponsored 19 annual conferences; the 2018 conference, held jointly with the newly formed Feminist inter/Modernist Association, will take place at the University of Northern Colorado.  In addition, the society sponsors a peer-reviewed journal, published annually every fall.